György Buzsáki

See more speakers

Institute:
The Neuroscience Institute, New York University, NY, USA

Website:
http://www.buzsakilab.com/

Session:
Keynote

Title of the talk:
Emergence of cognition from action

 

Biography

 

Personal Statement

I am a systems neuroscientist interested in how information is processed, stored and transferred in neuronal networks. To achieve that goal I am using large-scale recording of neuronal activity in behaving rodents, combined with single neuron/axon/synapse level anatomical analysis of the networks supporting the computation. Most of our work is carried out in the hippocampus and associated structures. We are particularly interested in how neuronal oscillations organize the syntax of neuronal activity. I am dedicated to mentoring my students and postdocs, seventeen of my former trainees have moved on to head their own labs at top institutions throughout the world.

 

Positions and Honors

 

Professional Experience
1975-86 Assistant Professor, Institute of Physiology University of Pecs, School of Medicine, Pecs, Hungary
1981 Clinical Electroencephalographer examination, Budapest
1984-85 Visiting Associate Professor, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden
1986-88 J.D. French Foundation Fellow, Department of Neurosciences, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA
1988-90 Associate Professor in-Residence, Department of Neurosciences, UCSD, La Jolla, CA
1990- Professor, Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ
2003-11 Board of Governors Professor, CMBN, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ
2012- Biggs Professor of Neuroscience, The Neuroscience Institute, New York University, NY

Editorial Boards: Science, Neuron; Neuroscience (Section Editor); Journal of Neuroscience (1994-2003); Journal of Neurophysiology; Behavioral Brain Research; Epilepsia; Hippocampus; Thalamus; Neuroscience Research Communications; Behavioral Neuroscience (1992-1996); Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience (1990-1996)

 

Honors
The Brain Prize (shared with Peter Somogyi and Tamas Freund), 2011
NYU Honors Program Lecture Series, January 30, 2011.
The Talairach Lecture, 16th Annual meeting of the Organization of Human Brain Mapping, Barcelona, Spain, June 6, 2010
The Hans-Lucas Teuber Lecture, MIT, Boston, MA (12/4/2009)
Chancellor’s Award Lecture, Louisiana State University, New Orleans (2007)
Opening Plenary Lecture, Federation of European Neuroscience Societies, Vienna, Austria (2006)
Provost’s Research Award for Distinguished Scholarship, Rutgers University (2006)
Elected Fellow, AAAS (2004)
ISI’s “Most Cited 250 in Neuroscience”
Krieg Cortical Discoverer Award. The Cajal Club, American Association of Anatomists (2001)
Foreign member. Hungarian Academy Sciences, 2001.
Fogarty International Senior Fellow. Paris, France, 2000.
Distinguished Lecturer, Collége de France, Paris, France, October, 1998.
The first “Pierre Gloor Award”. American Clinical Neurophysiology Society, September, 1997
“The Moruzzi Lecture” – Invited Plenary Speaker. European Neuroscience Association. Strassbourg, France. September 23-27, 1996.
Excellence in Research Award (1995) Rutgers University
Traveling Grass Lecturer (1992)
The 35th “Swammerdam Lecture”. Brain Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1991

 

Selected peer-reviewed publications (from 250+ peer-reviewed publications)

1. Buzsáki G. (1989) Two-stage model of memory trace formation: a role for “noisy” brain states. Neuroscience. 31:551-70. PMID:2687720
2. Buzsáki G., Horvath, Z., Urioste, R., Hetke, J., Wise, K. (1992) High frequency network oscillation in the hippocampus. Science. 256:1025-27. PMID:1589772
3. Sik, A., Ylinen, A., Penttonen, M., Buzsáki G. (1994) Inhibitory CA1-CA3-hilar region feedback in the hippocampus. Science. 264:1722-24. PMID: 8085161
4. Harris, K., Henze, D. A., Hirase, H, Leinekugel, X., Dragoi, G., Czurko, A. Buzsáki G. (2002) Spike train dynamics predicts theta-related phase precession in hippocampal pyramidal cells. Nature. 417: 738-41. PMID:12066184
5. Csicsvari, J., Jameison, B., Wise, K. D. Buzsáki G. (2003) Mechanisms of gamma oscillations in the hippocampus of the behaving rat. Neuron. 37:311-22. PMID: 12546825
6. Harris, K. D., Csicsvari, J., Hirase, H., Dragoi, G.. Buzsáki G. (2003) Organization of cell assemblies in the hippocampus. Nature. 424:552-56. PMID: 12891358
7. Buzsáki G. Draguhn, A. (2004) Neuronal oscillations in cortical networks. Science. 304: 1926-29. PMID: 15218136
8. Zugaro, M., Monconduit. M. Buzsaki, G. (2005) Spike phase precession persists after transient intrahippocampal perturbation. Nature Neuroscience. 8:67-71. PMID: 15592464
9. Buzsáki G. (2006) Rhythms of the Brain. Oxford University Press.
10. Pastalkova E, Itskov V, Amarasingham A, , Buzsáki G. (2008) Internally generated cell assembly sequences in the rat hippocampus. Science. 321:1322-7. PMID: 18772431
11. Fujisawa S, , Buzsáki G. (2011) A 4 Hz oscillation adaptively synchronizes prefrontal, VTAm abd hippocampal activities. Neuron. 72:153-65. PMID: 21982376
12. Berenyi A, Belluscio M, Mao D, , Buzsáki G. (2012) Closed-loop control of epilepsy by transcranial electrical stimulation. Science. 337:735-7. PMID: 22879515
13. Patel J, Schomburg EW, Berenyi A, Fujisawa S, , Buzsáki G. (2013) Local generation and propagation of ripples along the septotemporal axis of the hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(43):17029-17041 PMID:24155307
14. Sullivan D, Mizuseki K, Sorgi A, Buzsáki G., (2014) Comparison of sleep spindles and theta oscillations in the hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience, 34(2):662-674 PMID:24403164
15. Agarwal G, Stevenson IH, Berényi A, Mizuseki K, Buzsáki G, Sommer FT. (2014) Spatially distributed local fields in the hippocampus encode rat position. Science 344(6184):626-30 PMID:24812401

Research

György Buzsáki is Biggs Professor of Neuroscience at New York University. His primary interests are mechanisms of memory, sleep and associated diseases. His main focus is “neural syntax”, i.e., how segmentation of neural information is organized by the numerous brain rhythms to support cognitive functions. His most influential work, the two-stage model of memory trace consolidation, demonstrates how the neocortex-mediated information during learning transiently modifies hippocampal networks, followed by reactivation and consolidation of these memory traces during sleep. With more than 300 papers published on these topics, he is among the top 1% most-cited neuroscientists. Buzsáki is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Academiae Europaeae and an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and he sits on the editorial boards of several leading neuroscience journals, including Science and Neuron. He is a co-recipient of the 2011 Brain Prize.
(Book: G. Buzsáki, Rhythms of the Brain, Oxford University Press, 2006)

More speakers